Elbow fracture means that one or more of the bones that make up the elbow joint (humerus, radius and ulna) are broken making it unstable. It can be a simple break in one bone, which may not restrict movement, or several fractures, that may displace elbow out of place.


The most common cause of elbow injury and fracture is vehicular accident, direct blow on the elbow or fall from height on elbow or abnormal twisting or bending of the elbow. It can also occur due to blunt trauma to the elbow, such as from a car crash. Twisting, rolling or rotating of elbow may also injure it.


The symptoms of elbow fracture or injury may include any of the following:

  • Pain in the elbow
  • Swelling of the elbow
  • Bruising in or around the joint
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to move the elbow
  • Redness and warmth over the joint
  • Bone protruding out of the joint
  • Deformity ("out of place"), particularly if the elbow joint is dislocated as well

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