Elbow joint is made up of various structures like bones, ligaments, muscles etc. that may get injured due to trauma. Trauma may result in elbow injuries like fractures, dislocation, and sprains and tears of soft tissues, like ligaments. In many cases, injuries involve more than one structure in the elbow joint.


The most common cause of elbow injury and fracture is vehicular accident, direct blow on the elbow or fall from height on elbow or abnormal twisting or bending of the elbow. It can also occur due to blunt trauma to the elbow, such as from a car crash. Twisting, rolling or rotating of elbow may also injure it.


The symptoms of elbow fracture or injury may include any of the following:

  • Pain in the elbow
  • Swelling of the elbow
  • Bruising in or around the joint
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to move the elbow
  • Redness and warmth over the joint
  • Bone protruding out of the joint
  • Deformity ("out of place"), particularly if the elbow joint is dislocated as well

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