Shoulder fracture means that one or more of the bones that make up the shoulder joint (clavicle, humerus and scapula) are broken making it unstable. It can be a simple break in one bone, which may not restrict movement, or several fractures, that may displace shoulder out of place.


The most common cause of shoulder injury and fracture is vehicular accident, direct blow on the shoulder or fall from height on an outstretched arm or abnormal twisting or bending of the shoulder. It can also occur due to blunt trauma to the shoulder, such as from a car crash. Twisting, rolling or rotating of shoulder may also injure it.


The symptoms of shoulder fracture or injury may include any of the following:

  • Pain in the shoulder
  • Swelling of the shoulder
  • Bruising in or around the joint
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to move the shoulder
  • Redness and warmth over the joint
  • Bone protruding out of the joint
  • Deformity ("out of place"), particularly if the shoulder joint is dislocated as well

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