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Wrist joint is made up of various structures like bones, ligaments, muscles etc. that may get injured due to trauma. Trauma may result in wrist injuries like fractures, dislocation, and sprains and tears of soft tissues, like ligaments. In many cases, injuries involve more than one structure in the wrist joint.

Causes:

The most common cause of wrist injury and fracture is vehicular accident, fall from height on an outstretched hand or abnormal twisting or bending of the wrist. It can also occur due to blunt trauma to the wrist, such as from a car crash. Twisting, rolling or rotating of wrist may also injure it. Weak bones (for example, in osteoporosis) tend to break more easily.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of wrist trauma may include any of the following:

  • Pain in the wrist
  • Swelling of the wrist
  • Bruising in or around the joint
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to move the wrist
  • Redness and warmth over the joint
  • Bone protruding out of the joint
  • Deformity ("out of place"), particularly if the wrist joint is dislocated as well